学习英语八种常见的同义置换类型

学习英语八种常见的同义置换类型 从几个方面为您提供学习帮助,学习英语八种常见的同义置换类型是北京英语培训学校为您整理的商务英语学习资料,欢迎阅读! 英语

学习八种常见的同义置换类型;下面简单介绍八种常见的同义置换类型,以求帮助大家了解并熟练运用这一妙招应对各大题型。





常见的八种同义置换类型

类型1:同义或近义词

e.g. give / make / deliver a talk / speech / (an) address / presentation

类型2:反义词或相反概念(转换表达角度)

e.g. to eliminate glare and remove strain on your eyes

→ to improve eye comfort

类型3:替代性语句(指代、替换)

e.g. My employer was acquired by a multinational publisher.

→ It was bought by another company.

类型4:转述 restatement(完全重新表达)- 最常见、最隐蔽、最难的方式

e.g. These classes are free and open to all the employees.

→ All the staff are eligible for the classes.

类型5:将具体事例扩大到更广的范围进行表达(具体—宽泛)

e.g. proficiency in the use of word processor and spreadsheet programs

→ ability to use office software well

类型6:大概念具体化

e.g. shipping invoice → the list of contents for a shipment

类型7:省略修饰语或变换单词位置

e.g. Preference will be given on a first-come, first-served basis.

→ The first to sign up will receive preference.

类型8:数字同义

e.g. annually → every year / yearly / once a year

学习英语八种常见的同义置换类型,抓住同义置换这一法宝,意味着找到了解题核心。



针对阅读和听力,重点关注并识别原文和选项之间同义置换的关系,原词重现的选项往往是烟雾弹,起到干扰作用,可排除,从而缩小选择范围。

针对写作和口试,利用同义置换,换一种方式表达相同的意思,从而避免重复,也使语句富有变化,夺人眼球,如此一来,抢分当然顺理成章、小菜一碟的啦!



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